Between 1985 and 1992, TB cases were on the rise, and even though there has been a slight decrease in TB incidence since then, TB elimination remains an ongoing battle.
There is nowhere to hide from TB bacilli. If you breathe you are at risk.
Left untreated, one person with active TB will infect 15 people in a year’s time.
Like the common cold, TB spreads through the air.
If unrecognized or improperly treated, or if patients do not take prescribed medications properly, TB can become incurable.
WHO IS AT INCREASED RISK?
Women are at increased risk, and TB has major implications for child survival, economic productivity, and family welfare.
Children bear the brunt of their parents’ TB.
Those persons with chronic illness or on chronic medications that may alter their immune systems are at increased risk.
More HIV-infected individuals die from TB than from any other single cause.
TB is the only HIV-associated opportunistic infection that can spread in the air to HIV-negative people.
IS THERE A SOLUTION? -> YES !! -> TB TREATMENT
TB is curable.
The first priority is to identify sick, infectious TB cases, so they can be treated and cured.
Treatment must be directly observed so as to ensure that correct medications are taken for the right length of time.
This program is called the “DOT” (Directly Observed Treatment) strategy and it works!
EXPOSURE TO TB? – WHAT SHOULD YOU LOOK FOR ?
MEDICAL RISK FACTORS
ASK YOUR DOCTOR: Do I face increased risk of getting infected with TB?
ASK YOURSELF: Have I been exposed to a person with TB?
IF SO, Do I need a skin test to check this out?
The TB skin test is a safe method to detect if you have been infected with TB.
It can be given to anyone who needs it but must be read by a trained health care worker within 48 to 72 hours of administering the test.
It has no adverse effects and can be given during pregnancy.
RISK AFTER INFECTION
The likelihood of developing the disease is greatest in the first two years after exposure and infection. The lifetime risk after infection is 10%.
This risk can be significantly reduced by preventive treatment for those who are skin-test positive.
DO I HAVE TB? LOOK FOR SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:
Prolonged productive cough
Coughing up of blood
Fever and chills
Feeling “run down” or easily tired
Blood in urine
Watch out for signs and symptoms.
Ask your doctor
1. Skin test
2. Sputum examination
3. Chest X-ray
4. Urine & blood tests
TREATMENT OF TB
YES!! It can be done.
YES!! It is more than 95% effective.
YES!! There are side effects, but these are mostly minor and insignificant if patient follow-up is regular.
WHAT IF YOU DON’T TAKE TREATMENT OR TAKE ERRATIC TREATMENT ?
TB can kill
It can affect and infect your family.
It is a public health hazard to your near and dear ones and to your community.
Erratic treatment can lead to multidrug-resistant TB, which is more difficult to treat and more likely to be fatal.
Erratic treatment may make TB incurable for patients and for whomever they may infect.
Many families have gone to their local churches to seek help when they cant afford treatment for a family or friend who is diagnosed with TB. Many Churches in phoenix are more then happy to support their members and the community in general. ive read articles of multiple people seeking out help with in the churches in phoenix arizona and they are always more then happy to help.